求《the lives of a cell》的英文版,lewis thomas写的,中文叫细胞生命的礼赞求英文版电子书,txt,pdf等等皆可科学的惟一目的是减轻人类生存的苦难,科学家应为大多数人着想.伽利略的名言,谁能给出

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求《the lives of a cell》的英文版,lewis thomas写的,中文叫细胞生命的礼赞求英文版电子书,txt,pdf等等皆可科学的惟一目的是减轻人类生存的苦难,科学家应为大多数人着想.伽利略的名言,谁能给出

求《the lives of a cell》的英文版,lewis thomas写的,中文叫细胞生命的礼赞求英文版电子书,txt,pdf等等皆可科学的惟一目的是减轻人类生存的苦难,科学家应为大多数人着想.伽利略的名言,谁能给出
求《the lives of a cell》的英文版,lewis thomas写的,中文叫细胞生命的礼赞
求英文版电子书,txt,pdf等等皆可
科学的惟一目的是减轻人类生存的苦难,科学家应为大多数人着想.伽利略的名言,谁能给出英语原文,

求《the lives of a cell》的英文版,lewis thomas写的,中文叫细胞生命的礼赞求英文版电子书,txt,pdf等等皆可科学的惟一目的是减轻人类生存的苦难,科学家应为大多数人着想.伽利略的名言,谁能给出
我有pdf版 楼主需要的话请留下联系方式 这是从源文件复制下来的:
HOLT BIOSOURCES / Teaching Resources: Supplemental Reading 1
The Lives of a Cell
Notes of a Biology Watcher
—Lewis Thomas
Synopsis
Lewis Thomas’s essays are a combination of science and lyricism.He stresses the
interconnectedness of life, celebrating the beauty and poetry inherent in science. To
him, paradoxes inspire awe, rather than causing worry. From ants to the atmosphere,
Thomas observes the things that seemingly very different organisms, events,
and humans have in common.
In these essays, Thomas provides us with a wealth of scientific information,
coupled with philosophical wonderings and sometimes whimsical, profound
insights. Each of the 29 essays deals with Thomas’s thoughts and theories about
different aspects of science and their impact on and implications for our lives.
Student Focus
You should pay close attention to the interplay between the information provided
in each essay and the observations and conclusions drawn by Thomas.
These pieces are written to make the reader think about what the author is saying
and also to think on his or her own. Debate the different aspects of each issue
with yourself as you read in order to arrive at a conclusion that is your own.
As you read, you should be carrying on an internal dialogue with the author. Do
you agree or disagree with the conclusions drawn? What are your own thoughts
on each subject? Do you reach the same conclusions as the author or does the
information given lead you in another direction? Keep a log of your thoughts as
you read each essay.When you have finished reading the book, examine your log
to see if you have changed your ideas about any of the topics. The essays are
short, but they contain a world of thought for you to take part in.
Correlation to Subject Matter
Genetics, Biolinguistics,Viruses, Symbiosis, Entomology, Astronomy, Technology,
Mitochondria, and Sociology
© by Holt, Rinehart and Winston, Inc.
Name _______________________________________________________
Date _______________________ Class ________________________
SUPPLEMENTAL READING
TEACHING RESOURCES
2
2 HOLT BIOSOURCES / Teaching Resources: Supplemental Reading
The Lives of a Cell
SUPPLEMENTAL READING continued
© by Holt, Rinehart and Winston, Inc.
Identifying
Facts,
Interpreting
and
Applying
Meanings
Analyzing the Essays
Lives of a Cell
1. What are mitochondria? What relationship do we have with them?
On Societies As Organisms
2. How does the quote from Ziman’s essay relate to “the building of a termite
nest”? Use information from Thomas’s essay.
The Music of This Sphere
3. Discuss Thomas’s theory of the function of music. Do you agree or disagree?
Discuss your reasons.
© by Holt, Rinehart and Winston, Inc.
An Earnest Proposal
4. What is Thomas’s underlying message? Does he really think learning everything
about Myxotricha paradoxa would be simple?
5. List at least ten questions that you would like answered about a simple organism.
HOLT BIOSOURCES / Teaching Resources: Supplemental Reading 3
The Lives of a Cell
SUPPLEMENTAL READING continued Name _______________________________________________________
Date _______________________ Class ________________________
© by Holt, Rinehart and Winston, Inc.
Ceti
6. What are the conditions necessary for life to begin? What are the steps in the
process?
7. Discuss the pros and cons of searching for extraterrestial life.
8. If you were to send such a recording today, what would you include? Keep in
mind the points brought up in the essay.How would you defend your selections
to a panel of judges?
Antaeus in Manhattan
9. At what point in the essay does Thomas first make a comparison between
the ant colony and people? How is this comparison made?
4 HOLT BIOSOURCES / Teaching Resources: Supplemental Reading
The Lives of a Cell
SUPPLEMENTAL READING continued
© by Holt, Rinehart and Winston, Inc.
10. How are colonies of social insects, such as ants and termites, and human
communities alike? What are the fundamental differences?
Organelles as Organisms
11. What is it about mitochondria and chloroplasts that make them “. . . in a
fundamental sense, the most important living things on earth”?
Germs
12. “The man who catches a meningococcus is in considerable less danger for
his life, even without chemotherapy, than meningococci with the bad luck to
catch a man.”What does Thomas mean by this statenment?
13. Is Thomas drawing social parallels in this essay? Explain.
HOLT BIOSOURCES / Teaching Resources: Supplemental Reading 5
The Lives of a Cell
SUPPLEMENTAL READING continued Name _______________________________________________________
Date _______________________ Class ________________________
© by Holt, Rinehart and Winston, Inc.
Death in the Open
14. What would be the results of death in the open?
Natural Science
15. How does this view of science and scientists compare with the more traditional
view of cold, sterile laboratories occupied by detached people in white
coats? Which view generates more excitement about science and research?
The Planning of Science
16. Discuss the differences between basic research and applied science.
6 HOLT BIOSOURCES / Teaching Resources: Supplemental Reading
The Lives of a Cell
SUPPLEMENTAL READING continued
© by Holt, Rinehart and Winston, Inc.
17. “The surprise can be because it did turn out as predicted . . ., or it can be
confoundment because the prediction was wrong and something totally
unexpected turned up, changing the look of the problem and requiring a
new kind of protocol. Either way, you win.”What does Thomas mean by
“Either way, you win”?
On Various Words
18. What does Thomas have to say about the similarities between the activities
of ants and human language development?
19. “We have DNA for grammar, neurons for syntax.”What does Thomas mean
by this?
HOLT BIOSOURCES / Teaching Resources: Supplemental Reading 7
The Lives of a Cell
SUPPLEMENTAL READING continued Name _______________________________________________________
Date _______________________ Class ________________________
© by Holt, Rinehart and Winston, Inc.
20. Would it help or hinder communication if everyone knew the history of all
the words they used?
On Probability and Possibility
21. What does Thomas mean by mutants? Who would be some of those
mutants, and why would they qualify?
22. What does Thomas mean by “. . . the Art of Fugue and the St.Matthew Passion
were, for the evolving organism of human thought, feathered wings,
apposing thumbs, new layers of frontal cortex”?
23. “What we need is more crowding,more unrestrained and obsessive communication,
more open channels, even more noise, and a bit more luck.” Do
you agree or disagree? Explain your reasoning and how it differs from or
supports Thomas’s point.
8 HOLT BIOSOURCES / Teaching Resources: Supplemental Reading
The Lives of a Cell
SUPPLEMENTAL READING continued
© by Holt, Rinehart and Winston, Inc.
HOLT BIOSOURCES / Teaching Resources: Supplemental Reading 9
The Lives of a Cell
SUPPLEMENTAL READING continued Name _______________________________________________________
Date _______________________ Class ________________________
Writing About the Essays
On a separate sheet of paper,write the answers to each of the following.
Extending the Essays
1. Choose one of the essay titles, and write your own observations and questions
on that topic.
Thinking About Assumptions
2. Does the fact that these essays were written over twenty years ago make the
ideas outdated? If some theories have been disputed or disproved, does that
diminish the thoughts expressed and questions asked? Explain the reasoning
behind your answer.
Responding To a Review
3. Joyce Carol Oates said of this book “ . . .The Lives of a Cell anticipates the kind
of writing that will appear more and more frequently, as scientists take on the
language of poetry in order to communicate human truths too mysterious
for old-fashioned common sense . . . .”Do you think that the understandings
of science that Thomas is trying to share could be communicated as well if
they were in a less poetic, more prosaic fashion? Why, or why not?
Evaluating a Character
4. Bach shows up in four of these essays.What is it about this particular composer
that makes him so prominent in a book of science essays?
Writing a Journal Entry
5. You are the extraterrestrial Visitor mentioned in The Music of This Sphere.
Write a journal entry explaining how this book of essays has helped you to
better understand the human population.
Analyzing the Style
6. Is an essay the appropriate form for the thoughts and ideas Thomas is trying
to convey? Would a different form, such as the novel, short story, or journal
article, be more effective?
© by Holt, Rinehart and Winston, Inc.
10 HOLT BIOSOURCES / Teaching Resources: Supplemental Reading
The Lives of a Cell
SUPPLEMENTAL READING continued
Testing on the Book
On a separate sheet of paper,write the answers to each of the following.
Critical Thinking and Writing
1. In 1972 and 1973 the Pioneer probes were sent into space with information
about us. Included were pictures of a man and woman, a diagram of our
solar system, and a diagram showing the placement of our solar system in the
galaxy. In 1977 the Voyager probes were sent into space with more information.
Included were, among other things, recordings of Bach’s music.Would
knowledge of this have changed Thomas’s essay “Ceti”? In what way?
2. In the essay “Organelles as Organisms,” Thomas talks about our symbiosis
with mitochondria.What kind of “natural law” could you draw from the
“sense of life alluded to by chloroplasts and mitochondria”?
3. In his essay “Information,” Thomas ends by stating, “The great thing about
human language is that it prevents us from sticking to the matter at hand.”
What does he mean by this?
4. Is there a common thread running through all of Thomas’s essays? What is it?
Give examples from different essays.
5. Write your own review of Thomas’s book. Include examples of new information
you have learned and ideas that intrigued you, as well as examples and
discussions of things you disagreed with and why.